Parent company accounting principles
The financial statements of Tecnotree Oyj are prepared in accordance with the Finnish Accounting Act (1997/1336) and Ordinance (1997/1339) and with other legislation and regulations concerning financial statements.
The consolidated financial statements of Tecnotree Corporation in year 2020 have been prepared in accordance with the going concern principle.
The uncertainty factors relating to Tecnotree's operations are explained in more detail in section "Risks and uncertainty factors" in the Board of Directors report. Financial risk management is described in note 23 of the consolidated financial statements. Information about the debt restructuring proceedings is disclosed in note 28.
Items denominated in foreign currencies
Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the transaction dates. Foreign currency receivables and liabilities in the financial statements, including those hedged with derivative contracts, are translated into euros at the average exchange rate quoted by the European Central Bank on the closing date.
Exchange rate gains and losses relating to business operations are treated as adjustments to net sales or purchasing and manufacturing. Exchange rate gains and losses relating to financing operations are entered under financing income and expenses. Exchange rate gains and losses arising from the translation of balance sheet items are charged to the income statement.
Derivatives entered into by the company comprise currency forward contracts to hedge against changes in the cash flows from purchase and sales agreements denominated in foreign currencies. The company policy is to hedge the net foreign currency exposure over the following 12 months at a maximum.
Those derivatives entered into for hedging purposes are initially recognized at cost equivalent to their fair value. Subsequently derivatives are measured at fair value based on the forward rates quoted at the balance sheet date.
Exchange rate differences on derivative contracts made for hedging purposes are charged to the income statement under other operating income and expenses.
The parent company revenue recognition principles have been adjusted to comply with the principles applied in the Group. The group revenue recognition principles are presented in the section "Accounting principles for consolidated financials statements"
Statutory pension and supplementary pension obligations in Finland are covered through payments to pension insurance organisations. Expenses related to pension arrangements are recognized in the income statement in the period on the accrual basis.
Leasing payments have been entered as rentals. Contractual leasing fees remaining on the balance sheet date are presented in the financial statements under contingent liabilities.
Research and development expenses
Research and development expenses are expensed as incurred, apart from machinery purchases, which are depreciated over three years on a straight-line basis.
Valuation of inventories
Inventories are valued using the FIFO principle at the lowest of acquisition cost, repurchase price and probable selling price.
Valuation of non-current assets
Non-current assets have been capitalised at the acquisition cost. Planned depreciation and amortization is calculated on a straight-line basis over the useful life of the fixed assets. The periods for planned depreciation and amortization are as follows:
- Intangible rights 3-10 years
- Other long-term expenditure 5 years
- Buildings and structures 25 years
- Machinery and equipment 3-5 years
- Computing hardware and software 3-5 years
Derivative financial instruments
The derivative contracts entered into by the Company are currency forward contracts and options as well as interest rate swaps. The derivative contracts are fair valued. The fair value is determined by using market rates of the counterparty for instruments with similar maturity. Gains and losses arising from changes in the fair values are recognised in the income statement in the period in which they arise.
In the end of 2020, Tecnotree had no derivate contracts in place.